183 TRILLION TO 1 CHANCE

HOW THE ELECTRON CONFIGURATION OF ATOMS PLUGS-INTO THE PRIME NUMBER SEQUENCE.

  prime-numbers

Prime Numbers

 

prime-numbers

 

Prime numbers have been studied for a millennia but what are they are why do they appear everywhere?

Gaps in Primes

 

prime-numbers

 

Maths deals mainly with the difference in numbers but what about the gaps between numbers?

Atoms

 

prime-numbers

 

The electron configuration of atoms 'slots' between the prime numbers - this shouldn't be possible. So why do they?

 

Prime Number and Electron Configuration of Atoms


  

IF PRIMES WERE A LOTTERY

 

What’s the chance that out of the first 83 numbers there are 23 primes at these numbers

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83 and 89.

( with 59 composites or non-prime numbers and 1 which is neither prime nor composite ).

prime-lottery

 

 


If this was a prime lottery and we’re going to call 23 numbers and you need to get these 23 correct..

there’s no chance you’ll win - well 1 in 183 British Trillion (million million million).

 


That’s the maths out the way.


GCSE CHEMISTRY - ATOM

Now if you left science at 16 you’ll think an atom looks like this.

 

atom

 

You might remember the electron configuration being 2, 8 , 18, 32, 32, 18, 8

 

electron-configuration

 


 

To teach chemistry from 11 - 18 I designed a wall sized periodic table which, showed more easily how the electrons moved around…

 

periodic table

 

 

THE ELECTRONS GIVE US A WINDOW TO THE QUANTUM WORLD.

You can really see them moving around…

 


A-Level & undergraduate chemistry - atom

If you left chemistry at 18 you would now know that these electrons aren’t quiet flying around the outside but are in ‘probability’ shells with labels like s, p and d…

prime numbers and electron configuration

 

 

and now the electron configurations is written like this…

electron configuration and prime numbers

Which might be easier to decode if I colour it in…

 

electron configuration and prime numbers

 

s orbitals have 1 pair of electrons, p orbitals have 3 pairs of electrons and d orbitals have 5 pairs of electrons…

and these electron pairs are spinning… up and down or ↿⇂

 

electron configuration and prime numbers

 

So we can write this…

 

electron configuration and prime numbers

 


 

COMPLICATED?

 

LET’S GET A BETTER EXPLANATION FROM DAVID TONG PROFESSOR OF

THEORETICAL PHYSICS CAMBRIDGE, UK

 


 

"The first modern picture that we had of what the universe is made of is the Periodic Table of Elements."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"JJ Thomson discovered the electron and announced it in 1897 at the Royal Institute." 

 David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"Everything we see in the Universe is made from the same 3 particles, arranged differently and repeated over and over again." 

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"For 2,500 years we've accepted the concept of building blocks constructing everything in the universe."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"It's a comforting picture we teach it to our children in school and even to undergraduates at University.

But there's a problem with it...

IT'S A LIE. " 

 David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"IT'S A WHITE LIE.

It's a white lie we tell our children because we don't want to expose them to the difficult and horrible truth too early on...

It makes it easier to learn if you believe that particles are the fundamental building blocks of the universe.

BUT IT'S SIMPLY NOT TRUE."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"The very best theories in Physics DON'T rely on particles at all."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"The fundamental building blocks of nature are not particles BUT much more nebulous and abstract...

The building blocks of nature are fluid, spread out throughout the entire universe, rippling in strange and interesting ways."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"The building blocks of the universe, are called FIELDS."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"A field is something that is spread throughout the universe, it takes a particular value at every point in space and that value can change in time."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"This is not a new idea it dates back 200 years... "  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"Faraday envisaged was threaded throughout everywhere in space was these objects called the electric and magnetic fields."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 

"One of the most revolutionary abstract ideas in the history of science - Micheal Faraday's Electric and Magnetic Field Theory."  

David Tong, Professor of Theoretical Physics Fellow of Trinity College, Royal Institute Lecture - Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe.

 


 

"One of the most revolutionary abstract ideas in the history of science…"

QUANTUM WAVES.

Everything is made up of fields…

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

WHAT DO PRIMES HAVE TO DO WITH ALL THIS?

Let’s quickly revisit our primes and composite numbers…

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

Let’s look at the numbers in a new way.

Let’s look at the number of composite numbers between the prime numbers.

1 , 1 , 3 , 1 , 3 , 1 , 3 , 5 , 1 , 5…

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

The primes are on the red circles and the composite numbers are between the red circles.

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

Where have we seen this sequence before?

 

1 , 1 , 3 , 1 , 3 , 1 , 3 , 5 , 1 , 5…

 

ELECTRONS EXIST IN PAIRS OF 1, 3 AND 5

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king 

 

THE ELECTRONS HAVE OPPOSITE SPINS.

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

We now know that electrons are in fact fields or waves…

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

How do these Quantum Electron Waves (QEW) fit into the prime number sequence?

 

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

The Electron Configuration of Atoms, slots into the Prime Number Sequence.

Up Spin

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

The Electron Configuration of Atoms, slots into the Prime Number Sequence.

Down Spin

The electron configuration and prime numbers - dan king

 

Add in some QEW’s (Quantum Electron Waves) and some of the elements from the Periodic Table…

 

PRIME NUMBERS AND ELECTRON CONFIGURATION OF ATOMS DAN KING

 

The future is mapped out, now all we need do is go...

 

Find out more about prime numbers & the electron configuration

& about the author Dan King here

prime-numbers-menu

the prime number sequence

 

all the ODD elements to Bromine mapped

 

the electron magnetic spectrum fields

 

the magnetic primes mapped

 

prime-numbers-menu

he prime atom Kr - Krypton

 

the rotation paradox?

 

the hydrogen molecule and atom

 

Fibonacci coordinates

 

prime-numbers-menu

the centre of the atom zeta function

 

is it just organised chaos?

 

prime-numbers-menu